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Black Migration

Black Migration

Black immigrants make up approximately 12 percent of the total immigrant-origin population; further, an additional 9 percent have at least one immigrant parent. Thus, an under-realized reality is that 21 percent of the U.S. Black population has recent immigration origins.

black population by generation
Source: Pew Research Center — Black Population Report

Black immigrants arrive from the Caribbean (primarily Jamaica and Haiti), the African continent, as well as Latin America. They are amongst the most educated of immigrants entering the country and many arrive speaking English. Upon arriving they encounter the historical legacy of slavery and its unresloved undertow of structural racisim, social discrimination, and implicit bias.

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Key findings about Black immigrants in the US – Pew Research Center

MPI’s Young Children in Black Immigrant Families Project

Ndemanu, M. T., & Jordan, S. (2018). Culturally responsive pedagogy for African immigrant children in US P-12 schools. Journal of Black Studies, 49(1), 71-84.

Socialization, culture, and identities of Black immigrant children: What educators need to know and do.
Rong, X. L., & Brown, F. (2002). Education and Urban Society, 34(2), 247-273.

Socialization and identity transformation of Black immigrant youth in the United States.
Rong, X. L., & Fitchett, P. (2008). Theory into Practice, 47(1), 35-42.